Hatshepsut was the first female to rule over Egypt around 1473 B.C. for about 21 years. She directed the construction of the Temple of Deir el-Bahri in the western Thebes. Pictured are a Broad Collar of Nefer Amulets in gold and glass (above) and a Broad Collar with Falcon Heads in gold, obsidian or black stone, jasper, carnelian, turquoise glass and transparent glass (below). Pictures courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.